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Sustainable Development Goals in Yemen: Marginal improvement and need for more efforts

In #Yemen, survey data reveal a small improvement in newborn and under-five death rates. However, stunting and acute food insecurity among children under the age of five remain important concerns.
المياه النظيفية هي أحد أهداف التنمية المستدامة في اليمن
A Yemeni girl drinks clean water

According to UNICEF, recent survey data show a slight improvement in many areas of human development in Yemen over the last decade, indicating that humanitarian assistance and the maintenance of the service delivery system have contributed to the sustainability of the population's livelihoods despite eight years of conflict. According to Peter Hawkins, UNICEF's Representative in Yemen, the data collected helps evaluate progress against Yemen's sustainable development goals.

The survey results suggest a small improvement in newborn and child death rates under the age of five. However, stunting and acute food insecurity among children under the age of five remain significant issues. It is worth noting that 75 percent of families experienced food insecurity in the previous year.

Data also show that 25% of children in primary school do not attend school, and 53% of those in secondary school do not go either. While the survey results show a minor improvement in rates of access to clean drinking water and sanitation, only 6 out of 10 people in each family have access to enough drinking water, and 4 out of 10 do not have access to water sources within their houses.

With extreme poverty and chronic conflicts posing significant hurdles, achieving the Sustainable Development Goals is a daunting endeavor that necessitates a thorough and multidimensional strategy. In such a complicated situation, resilience emerges as a vital notion to guide sustainable development plans. Economic diversification, infrastructural rehabilitation, social inclusion, and environmental restoration are all aspects of resilience.

To alleviate extreme poverty in a conflict-torn country like Yemen, interventions must focus on strengthening local economies through vocational training programs and encouraging entrepreneurship, particularly among marginalized people. Simultaneously, efforts must be directed toward restoring vital infrastructure such as health care facilities and educational institutions that have been destroyed by the war in order to set the groundwork for improved human capital development.

Mobilizing international assistance is critical to accelerating reconstruction efforts, and fostering inclusion and fair access to services through pro-poor policies fosters social cohesion in the face of social and political conflicts. Furthermore, fostering peacebuilding activities within conflict-affected areas is critical in addressing poverty alleviation and long-term stabilizing concerns.


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