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The health sector in Yemen is almost non-functional, how can the risks of disease spread be reduced?

Experts from the #World_Health_Organization in #Aden to develop the capacity of the health sector in #Yemen to monitor pathogens.
خبراء يساعدون على تحسين القطاع الصحي في اليمن
Experts from the World Health Organization in Aden

The World Health Organization sent a technical team to Aden, Yemen, between May 24 and June 1 to assess and improve the country's ability to diagnose and control highly deadly infections such as watery diarrheal illness and cholera.

At the WHO sub-office in Aden, mission participants met with representatives from the Ministry of Public Health and Population, national and subnational surveillance teams, the Central Public Health Laboratory, and WHO laboratory experts.

WHO specialists examined current high-risk pathogen monitoring methods, identified gaps, and proposed mechanisms to upgrade Yemen's present detection and surveillance system. To improve overall monitoring and coordination across the laboratory, surveillance, logistics, and public health agencies, clear goals, objectives, timetables, and targets are developed.

The program also included evaluation modules and underlined the importance of participants' ongoing professional growth in order to improve the performance of Yemen's health system.

To detect, report, and respond to public health hazards, each pillar of the surveillance network must have a clear awareness of its roles and responsibilities, as well as the ability to submit actionable data to health authorities to ensure responses are effectively supported.

This mission is an extension of WHO's continuous technical and logistical assistance to countries, notably those dealing with complex catastrophes.

More than 20 million Yemenis lack access to essential health services and require medical aid. Due to a lack of staff, funding, and electricity, as well as a dearth of medication, supplies, and equipment, only half of the country's health facilities are partially or completely operational.

The modern armed conflict poses a substantial threat to global health because it disrupts civilian and health infrastructure, endangers health personnel, and exposes civilians to malnutrition, relocation, and other conflict-related impacts. These activities increase the risk of disease while also limiting the community's ability to avoid and control these hazards. Poor sanitation and safe drinking water, for example, can spread diseases such as salmonella, typhoid, cholera, diarrhea, and polio.

Vaccination is one method of preventing the spread of treatable diseases in conflict zones. Vaccination is one of the most successful and cost-effective methods of infectious disease prevention identified to date. Vaccination rates, on the other hand, tend to fall significantly in conflict zones with limited access to the population and the safety of health professionals, such as Yemen.

On the other side, one of the most essential techniques for preventing such diseases is to improve sanitation and develop clean drinking water networks. As a result, central and local governments should prioritize such projects. External aid, such as that provided by the World Health Organization, is also required, which needs good collaboration between local authorities and the international community and donors, as well as financial support for these organizations.


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