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Internally displaced people in Yemen face the risk of forced eviction

Displaced Yemenis face an increased risk of forced eviction, with the number of forced evictions rising by 10% in 2023 compared to 2022.

نازحون داخليا في اليمن
Internally displaced people in Yemen

Conflict in Yemen since 2014 has led to large-scale internal displacement, with the UNHCR estimating that 86% of displacement in 2023 was caused by war, armed conflict, and violence. Displaced Yemenis face an increased risk of forced eviction, with the number of forced evictions rising by 10% in 2023 compared to 2022.

The practice of forcible eviction is forcibly removing individuals from their homes or land. Internally Displaced Yemenis are seeking shelter in temporary locations like public and private lands, as well as communal centers, while land claims are causing coercive evictions. Internally Displaced People (IDPs) also rent homes, but the chances of forced eviction are increasing due to the country's poor economic position and decreasing earning options.

As the rate of forced evictions rises, those impacted may find themselves homeless, uprooted, and exposed to exploitation and abuse in their new home. They may be compelled to relocate to new, less-served neighborhoods or locations lacking in employment, healthcare, and education. These are virtually probably going to aggravate humanitarian concerns.

Yemen's legal frameworks for tenants and property rights are deficient, putting certain people at danger of arbitrary eviction. The national legal framework allows for evictions after three months of rent arrears, which affects the majority of internally displaced families. There is also a shortage of legal information and access to legal aid.

Tenure insecurity in Yemen raises the risk of forcible eviction, particularly for underprivileged populations that lack access to informal patronage networks and endure discrimination.

Internal displacement of people is a big issue that requires immediate response. To address this difficult issue, a diverse approach is required. To solve this issue, national and international legislation and human rights frameworks that protect internally displaced persons from forced evictions and inform them of their rights should be strengthened. Furthermore, community awareness campaigns using multimedia platforms can educate people about the predicament of displaced people and the negative effects of forced evictions on individuals and communities as a whole.

Furthermore, proactive steps must be taken to address the underlying causes of internal displacement, such as investing in conflict resolution methods, poverty reduction techniques, and inclusive governance systems. Governments can establish stable situations where people are less likely to be displaced due to violence or economic insecurity by doing so. Simultaneously, sustainable housing policies that provide secure tenure choices for IDPs while respecting their cultural identities and preferences should be devised. To effectively combat forced evictions when they occur, warning systems capable of detecting possible eviction threats early on can be developed. These tools will enable preventive actions to be implemented through agreement with relevant stakeholders such as local governments or landowners in order to find viable alternatives to forcible evictions.


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