top of page

Inflation in Yemen threatens stability and hinders development

In Yemen, the continued rise in the cost of essential goods and services due to inflation has increased poverty and financial instability, particularly among youth.

التضخم في اليمن
التضخم في اليمن

A recent study titled "Inflation in Yemen: A Threat to Stability and Development" by Ramzi Abdullah Ahmed Hassan examined the causes and consequences of inflation in Yemen, focusing on economic variables and strategic efforts. The study emphasizes factors such as currency depreciation due to political turmoil and depletion of foreign reserves, emphasizing the importance of political stability, foreign aid, and structural reforms to strengthen the Yemeni economy and maintain price stability. The study sheds light on the challenges and potential solutions for managing Yemen's inflation.

According to the study, the causes of inflation in Yemen are multifaceted and have significant economic consequences. One of the primary causes is the currency's depreciation, which has been exacerbated by political unrest and the depletion of foreign reserves. Political unrest in Yemen prompted a loss of investor confidence, resulting in capital flight and a drop in the value of the local currency. Furthermore, the government's inability to support the local currency due to the depletion of foreign exchange reserves contributed to increased inflation.

Inflation has far-reaching consequences for the Yemeni economy. The ongoing rise in the cost of essential goods and services as a result of inflation has exacerbated poverty and financial insecurity, particularly among young people. This has made meeting people's basic needs difficult, resulting in lower living standards. Furthermore, Ramzi claims that the depreciation of the local currency has made it more difficult for businesses to import goods, resulting in product shortages and higher prices. This, in turn, led to a decrease in individual purchasing power and a decrease in real income, further deteriorating living conditions.

The study emphasizes the importance of strategic initiatives in reducing inflationary pressures, such as price control, targeted support, and monetary policy adjustments. It also emphasizes the significance of political stability, foreign aid, and structural reforms in strengthening the Yemeni economy and ensuring long-term price stability.

According to the findings of the study, strategic interventions such as monetary policy adjustments have been beneficial in reducing inflationary pressures in Yemen. The study emphasizes the Central Bank of Yemen's role in implementing measures and reforms to address foreign exchange market instability, such as introducing a weekly auction process to sell currencies via an electronic platform and implementing a flexible exchange rate system. These interventions are intended to reduce the impact of currency depreciation and stabilize the economy.

While the study recognizes the importance of strategic interventions, particularly monetary policy adjustments, in combating inflation in Yemen, it also emphasizes the need for comprehensive economic reforms and stabilization to maintain price stability and long-term economic development in the country.

The study emphasizes that fluctuations in Yemen's exchange rate can have an impact on the country's overall financial stability. It can result in a reduction in a country's financial resources that could have been used for development, as well as an increased reliance on imports, which can result in a trade deficit and job losses in the local economy. Furthermore, the burden of external debt, exacerbated by exchange rate volatility, can lead to high inflation and a decline in population living standards.


bottom of page